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A period of pervasive high-temperature metamorphism and igneous activity from 340 to 325 Ma is a well-established characteristic of the Variscan Orogen of Central Europe. During this stage, the internal zone of the orogen was virtually soaked by granitic to granodioritic magmas. Petrological data point to temperatures of 600–850°C at upper- to mid-crustal levels. These elevated temperatures occurred during the final convergence stage and may be comparable with similar processes inferred from geophysical evidence for the present-day Tibetan Plateau, in both regional extent and significance for the orogen's evolution. We review various geodynamic scenarios that may have provided the...

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