Palaeomagnetism and Palaeozoic palaeogeography of Gondwana and European terranes
Published:January 01, 2000
Jenny Tait, Michael Schätz, Valerian Bachtadse, Heinrich Soffel, 2000. "Palaeomagnetism and Palaeozoic palaeogeography of Gondwana and European terranes", Orogenic Processes: Quantification and Modelling in the Variscan Belt, Wolfgang Franke, Volker Haak, Onno Oncken, David Tanner
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Neoproterozoic to Late Palaeozoic times saw the break-up of the supercontinent Rodinia, and the subsequent construction of Pangaea. The intervening time period involved major redistribution of continents and continental fragments, and various palaeogeographical models have been proposed for this period. The principal differences between these models are with regard to the drift history of Gondwana, the timing of collision between northern Africa and Laurussia, and formation of Pangaea. Palaeomagnetic evidence provides basically two contrasting models for the Ordovician to Late Devonian apparent polar wander (APW) path for Gondwana involving either rapid north and southward movement of this continent, or...
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Orogenic Processes: Quantification and Modelling in the Variscan Belt
Research into the orogenic processes that shaped the continental crust of Europe has a long-standing tradition. Why the need to quantify and model? It is not just satisfactory to identify subduction zones, accretionary prisms, island arcs, extensional collapse and other standard items of the geodynamic menu. Such interpretations need to be quantified: extent and composition of subducted crust, angle and speed of subduction, amount and composition olmelts produced, heat sources for metamorphism. All such interpretations have to conform to first principles, and also to stand the test of quantitative balancing – a concept first developed for the conservation of length or volume in tectonic cross sections. Also in other fields, the correlation of causes and effects and the internal consistency of dynamic models requires a numerical approach.
The present volume combines review articles with reports on recent progress in an attempt to address these aims. There is a foldout map of the region, which locates the main areas of outcrop and tectono-stratigraphic units, and a reassesment of the Palaeozoic time scale permits correlation of tectonic, metamorphic and magmatic events with the sedimentary record of the upper crust.