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Plate tectonics forms and destroys sedimentary basins, accumulating organic carbon and converting it into mobile petroleum which may be concentrated in reservoir traps in which, if temperatures are below 80°C, it may become biologically degraded (biodegraded). The biodegradation process produces altered, denser, heavy oils and methane as a primary product. Much of the world’s oil is biodegraded under anaerobic conditions, with methane being a major by-product of the action of the deep biosphere on petroleum when sulphate is not present as an oxidant. A review of the literature relating to destruction of wet gas and the systematics of methane...

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