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Exotic terranes of inferred Arctic affinity form an outer belt within the North American Cordillera extending from Alaska to northern California. The geological history, fossil and detrital zircon data for these terranes show strong correlations and linkages among them, and many features in common with the northern Caledonides, the Timanide orogen and the Urals. They probably occupied an intermediate position between Baltica, Laurentia and Siberia, in proximity to the northern Caledonides in Early Palaeozoic time. Westward dispersion of these terranes is interpreted to result from development of a Scotia-style subduction system between Laurentia–Baltica and Siberia in Mid-Palaeozoic time –...

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