Volcanic soils: their nature and significance for archaeology
Published:January 01, 2000
Peter James, David Chester, Angus Duncan, 2000. "Volcanic soils: their nature and significance for archaeology", The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes, W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock, I. S. Stewart
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Whereas previous reviews of volcanic soils are biased in favour of those in tephra, the present paper examines the nature of weathering and pedogenesis in both tephra and lava. The classification of volcanic soils is discussed and examples are described of the response of pedogenesis to variations in climate, drainage, topography, vegetation and type and age of parent material. Archaeological implications considered include the distinctive properties of soils in tephra and the problems these may pose for laboratory analysis, evidence from buried soils, the ages of soils and their rates of development, and the fertility and erosion of volcanic...
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The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes
Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which societies depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeometrical methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.