The archaeology of a Plinian eruption of the Popocatépetl volcano
Published:January 01, 2000
Patricia Plunket, Gabriela Uruñuela, 2000. "The archaeology of a Plinian eruption of the Popocatépetl volcano", The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes, W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock, I. S. Stewart
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The northeastern flank of the Popocatépetl volcano in western Puebla, Mexico, has been subject to intense and destructive volcanic activity since the Terminal Preclassic period (100 BC-AD 100), and it is still one of the highest-risk sectors in the region. Between AD 50 and 100 the communities that dotted this slope, an area known locally as Tetimpa, were abruptly buried by a pumice-fall deposit that preserved the buildings, activity areas and agricultural fields but devastated the settlements and made the region uninhabitable for generations to come. It is probable that this violent eruption had an important social and ideological...
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The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes
Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which societies depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeometrical methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.