The Johnston-Lavis collection: a unique record of Italian volcanism
Published:January 01, 2000
W. L. Kirk, R. Siddall, S. Stead, 2000. "The Johnston-Lavis collection: a unique record of Italian volcanism", The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes, W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock, I. S. Stewart
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Housed at University College London, the Henry James Johnston-Lavis collection of rocks, minerals, photographs, gouaches and engravings is extremely important in that it provides a record of volcanism in southern Italy, especially in the latter part of the 19th century. The collection of the intrepid Dr Johnston-Lavis also contains literature and materials relevant to earlier eruptions of the Italian volcanoes, and sample collections of both rocks and minerals from other world-wide locations of mineralogical and volcanological interest. Although regrettably now much depleted, a substantial part remains, and this continues to be a valuable resource for volcanologists, historical geologists and...
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The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes
Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which societies depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeometrical methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.