Human response to Etna volcano during the classical period
Published:January 01, 2000
D. K. Chester, A. M. Duncan, J. E. Guest, P. A. Johnston, J. J. L. Smolenaars, 2000. "Human response to Etna volcano during the classical period", The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes, W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock, I. S. Stewart
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Volcanoes and eruptive activity played a part in the lives of many people in southern Italy during the classical era, no more so than on the flanks of Mount Etna (Sicily), a volcano that has been continually active throughout the historical period. Both the Romans and Greeks settled at the foot and on the lower flanks of the volcano and it seems likely that they were attracted to the region by its considerable agricultural potential, in particular its plentiful supplies of water. In this paper, literary sources are used to explore three aspects of human response to the activity...
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The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes
Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which societies depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeometrical methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.