A critical reappraisal of the classical texts and archaeological evidence for earthquakes in the Atalanti region, central mainland Greece
Published:January 01, 2000
Victoria Buck, Iain Stewart, 2000. "A critical reappraisal of the classical texts and archaeological evidence for earthquakes in the Atalanti region, central mainland Greece", The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes, W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock, I. S. Stewart
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Despite numerous damaging earthquakes in central Greece only the Atalanti Fault is considered to have ruptured successively, most recently in 1894 and in a historical event in 426 BC. Although the pre-Christian earthquake is now firmly entrenched in the tectonic literature, classical literary accounts are inconsistent and do not unequivocally tie the event to a particular time and place. Archaeological evidence from sites close to the Atalanti Fault similarly remains ambiguous, and fails to convincingly corroborate the rupture of the Atalanti Fault in 426 BC. In this paper, the main thrust of the argument is not to try to...
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The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes
Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which societies depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeometrical methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.