The advent of archaeoseismology in the Mediterranean
Published:January 01, 2000
R. E. Jones, S. C. Stiros, 2000. "The advent of archaeoseismology in the Mediterranean", The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes, W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock, I. S. Stewart
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This paper presents a brief historical overview of the development of archaeoseismology from the observations of Lanciani at ancient sites in Rome, of Kritikos in Athens, Evans at Knossos and Blegen at Troy, to the emergence in the last years of the twentieth century of archaeoseismology as a distinct sub-discipline of palaeoseismology. Some current issues are explored, beginning with major seismic events such as that in AD 365 in the Eastern Mediterranean whose effects were geographically widespread but uneven in their destructive severity; generalizations are hard to come by, and each case has to be examined on its own...
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The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes
Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which societies depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeometrical methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.