Mid-Ediacaran ice-rafting in the Adelaide Geosyncline and Officer Basin, South Australia
Published:January 01, 2011
Victor A. Gostin, David M. Mckirdy, Lynn J. Webster, George E. Williams, 2011. "Mid-Ediacaran ice-rafting in the Adelaide Geosyncline and Officer Basin, South Australia", The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations, Emmanuelle Arnaud, Galen P. Halverson, Graham Shields-Zhou
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Sedimentary features characteristic of ice-rafting are present in the Bunyeroo Formation (Wilpena Group) of the Adelaide Geosyncline and in the coeval Dey Dey Mudstone (Ungoolya Group) of the eastern Officer Basin (Figs 66.1 & 66.2), providing evidence of a mid-Ediacaran glacial climate in South Australia. The Acraman asteroid impact, a negative shift in marine δ13C, and a major acritarch turnover coincided with this frigid epoch.
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The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations
In recent years, interest in Neoproterozoic glaciations has grown as their pivotal role in Earth system evolution has become increasingly clear. One of the main goals of the IGCP Project No. 512 was to produce a synthesis of newly available information on Neoproterozoic successions worldwide similar in format to Hambrey & Harland’s (1981) Earth’s pre-Pleistocene Glacial Record. This Memoir therefore consists of a series of overview chapters followed by site-specific chapters. The overview chapters cover key topics including the history of research on Neoproterozoic glaciations, identification of glacial deposits, chemostratigraphic techniques and datasets, palaeomagnetism, biostratigraphy, geochronology and climate modelling. The site specific chapters for 60 successions worldwide include reviews of the history of research on these rocks and up-to-date syntheses of the structural framework, tectonic setting, palaeomagnetic and geochronological constraints, physical, biological, and chemical stratigraphy, and descriptions of the glaciogenic and associated strata, including economic deposits.