Identifying geothermal reservoir rock types is fundamental in geothermal exploration, but the absence of active surface geothermal manifestations (especially hot springs) in blind geothermal systems makes this identification difficult. Nevertheless, blind geothermal systems may develop early-formed hot-spring deposits. As (bio-)chemical precipitate, these deposits may retain geochemical signatures of spring waters and thus provide insights into reservoir rock types. To assess their geothermal implications, the 87Sr/86Sr and rare earth elements + yttrium (REE + Y) characteristics of hot-spring deposits in two geothermal systems were investigated and compared with those of their reservoir rocks. Results showed relatively uniform 87Sr/86Sr values in hot-spring deposits within each system, but occasional 87Sr/86Sr contamination induced by exogenous detritus input was also observed. The amount of detritus input relates to the potential for interaction with surrounding soils/rocks and is thus environmentally controlled. Hot-spring deposits with high Sr concentrations showed greater 87Sr/86Sr contamination resistance than those with low Sr concentrations, revealing the influence of Sr concentration in hot-spring deposits on detrital 87Sr/86Sr contamination. The detritus input also influenced the REE + Y signatures of the hot-spring deposits, underscoring the necessity of contamination assessment before geochemical interpretation. Excluding samples with significant 87Sr/86Sr and/or REE + Y contamination, the remaining samples closely mirrored their respective reservoir rocks in terms of 87Sr/86Sr, with partial overlap in REE + Y signatures. This suggests that the 87Sr/86Sr and REE + Y characteristics of hot-spring deposits provide valuable insights into reservoir rock types. However, variations in 87Sr/86Sr or REE + Y compositions between some hot-spring deposits and corresponding reservoir rocks indicate additional influencing factors beyond reservoir rock types. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of reservoir rock types requires integrated geochemical characterization, probably including 87Sr/86Sr, REE + Y, and other parameters. These findings underscore the potential of geochemical characterization of hot-spring deposits for identifying geothermal reservoir rock types, and this geochemical approach can complement geological and geophysical data to improve exploration efficiency, especially in blind geothermal systems.

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