Much controversy exists regarding the evolution and termination of accretionary orogens where typical continent-continent collision features are lacking. The Central Asian Orogenic Belt provides a key opportunity to explore the genetic relationships between the formation of high-Mg igneous associations and the evolution of accretionary orogens. In this study, two-stage Triassic magmatic events were identified in the southeastern segment of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (including ca. 247 Ma andesites and ca. 222 Ma diorites), through precise secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and laser ablation−inductively coupled plasma−mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) zircon dating. The Olenekian andesites show typical sanukitoid affinities with high TiO2, MgO, Ni, and Cr contents, and enrichment in large ion lithophile elements (LILEs; K, Ba, and Sr). They yield depleted Hf isotopic compositions and high δ18O values, which along with Hf-O isotope modeling results indicate that they originated from the partial melting of mantle wedge peridotites with input of 20% terrigenous sediments. The Norian diorites have moderate SiO2, relatively high MgO, Cr, and Ni contents, Mg# values of 63−65, high Sr, low Y and Yb contents, relevant high La/Yb ratios, and negligible Eu anomalies, which makes them comparable to high-Mg andesites with adakitic affinity. Their depleted isotopic compositions are similar to coeval A-type granites that resulted from lithospheric delamination after the final collision. In addition, with high K2O/Na2O ratios and incompatible element ratios similar to those of the continental crust (e.g., Nb/U, Ce/Pb, and Nd/Sm), they conform to an origin in which partial melting of delaminated mafic lower crust subsequently interacted with mantle materials. These two-stage abnormal Triassic high-Mg rocks archive a hot slab window triggered by the break-off of the Paleo-Asian oceanic slab and lower crustal delamination related to collapse of the southeastern segment of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt. These findings provide beneficial information for the reconstruction of the East Asian blocks in Pangea.

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