Abstract

On Yakobi Island and at Mirror Harbor on the northwest coast of Chichagof Island, gabbronorite occurs as irregular bodies, as much as 5.5 km in maximum dimension, mostly within a 40 to 43 m.y. composite pluton consisting largely of tonalite. The gab-bronorites are the host rocks for a magmatic nickel-copper sulfide deposit consisting predominantly of pyrrhotite, pentlandite, and chalcopyrite. The gabbronorites characteristically have more orthopyroxene than augite and have a significant amount of hornblende. Rock types mapped as gabbronorite range from hornblende pyroxenite to hornblende-pyroxene gabbronorite to quartz-bearing norite and gabbronorite. The tonalite pluton is composed of hornblende diorite, biotite-hornblende diorite, hornblende quartz diorite, biotite-hornblende tonalite, and biotite granodiorite. Contacts between types of gabbronorite are generally gradational on a scale of centimetres to metres; contacts between gabbronorite and the tonalite pluton are gradational on a scale of metres to tens of metres. Rock textures, pyroxene-hornblende relations, and rock and mineral chemistry of the gabbronorites show systematic changes as the gabbronorites grade into the tonalites. The field, petrographic, and chemical data, including trace-element abundances, of the gabbronorites and tonalite pluton rocks can best be explained by either (1) crystallization of gabbronorite from a tholeiitic magma with subsequent assimilation by tonalite that was simultaneously undergoing fractional crystallization or (2) fractional crystallization of a quartz diorite parent magma yielding the range of gabbronorites and tonalite pluton rocks.

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