Most of what we know about basement rocks in Kansas and Missouri is derived from cores and cuttings from deep drilling. These rocks may be divided into a northern terrane, underlain by rocks consisting of abundant granite commonly showing cataclastic textures and by metavolcanic to metasedimentary rocks; and a southern terrane, underlain almost exclusively by rhyolitic flows and ash-flow tuffs and epizonal granite plutons. The northern terrane is interrupted in central Kansas by mafic igneous rocks and flanking arkosic sedimentary rocks of the Central North American Rift System.

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