The geology and petrology of the Cenozoic volcanic rocks of the region of California between 38° and 35°45'N latitude and 117°30' and 120°W longitude, including the rocks of a major potassic magmatic province on the west slope of the Sierra Nevada, have been described in Part I (Moore and Dodge, 1980) of this study. The geochemical features of these rocks may provide clues to their origin and aid in comparing and contrasting the Sierra Nevada potassic province with other localized potassic provinces elsewhere in the world.
Basaltic rocks occur in numerous small lava-flow remnants, dikes, and plugs that intrude the predominantly granitic terrain of the western slope of the southern Sierra Nevada. Leucite-bearing rocks are present at several localities in this western region. More voluminous basalt, commonly associated with rhyolite, is present east of the range in the Basin and Range province. However, leucite-bearing rocks have been found-at only one locality in this region. Most of the late Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the southern Sierra Nevada eastward through Owens Valley and in the extreme western Basin-Range occur in five rather distinctive areas—the San Joaquin-Kings, Kern, Big Pine, and Coso volcanic fields, and the Mono-Long Valley volcanic center (Fig. 1).