Sedimentary, palynologic, and stratigraphic analyses indicate that late Paleozoic glaciation probably occurred in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. Till and glacial boulder deposits appear to have been reworked and redeposited in a fluvial and nearshore environment near the southern edge of the Arabian paleo-Tethys Sea. Spore and pollen analyses and stratigraphic relationships indicate a Permian-Carboniferous age for the beds containing the glacial evidence. Gondwanaland connections between southeast Arabia and the Indian plate possibly existed.

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