Abstract

Shallow intrusive bodies in a 65-km-long belt consist of quartz-bearing and feldspathoidal syenite, trachyte, and phonolite, all within a narrow range of composition. K-Ar ages (35 ± 2 m.y.) and modal, whole-rock chemical, Rb-Sr isotopic, and mineralogic data suggest that all the intrusive rocks were derived from one magma reservoir.

Nine intrusive rock types are divisible into two groups. The older group, commonly forming sills and laccoliths, is fine- to coarse-grained and has little or no flow structure, low Rb, high Sr, and initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios of 0.703 to 0.709. The younger group, tending to form discordant sheets, is finely porphyritic and has strongly developed flow structure, high Rb, low Sr, and initial strontium ratios of 0.705 to 0.712. The younger group shows more extreme compositional variation, including the most silica-oversaturated and the most silica-undersaturated rocks. Each group contains both quartz-bearing and feldspathoidal rock types.

Fractional removal of plagioclase and biotite from mugearitic liquid progressively enriched the remaining liquid in sodium while depleting it in calcium, magnesium, and titanium. Later differentiation proceeded mostly by removal of alkali feldspar.

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