In a straight plane-bed channel in coarse sediment under natural flow conditions, primary transverse bars were rapidly formed during infrequent high flows, and the accompanying flow modifications led to bank erosion. Primary bars were subsequently incorporated as the cores of point-bar complexes, with additional lateral and tail accretion, chute formation, and lesser erosional and sedimentary modifications. The range of natural flows produced a variety of bed forms; therefore, the channel form at any point in time was not strictly attributable to any single controlling discharge, but the broad features of channel development in general relate to the forms of the pseudo-meandering model. A three-phase model of meander development, with these observations exemplifying the first phase, is adequate and useful.

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