The Foraker and McGonagall plutons, bodies of granodiorite with nearly identical mineralogy and chemistry, are considered to be parts of a single igneous mass that has undergone right-lateral displacement of about 38 km along the McKinley segment of the Denali fault system since the igneous mass crystallized about 38 m.y. ago. These offset plutons place severe constraints on the amount and rate of movement along the McKinley segment since the beginning of the Oligocene Epoch. The 38-km displacement indicates an average rate of 0.1 cm/yr if movement began immediately after crystallization in early Oligocene time or an average rate of 0.4 cm/yr if movement began 10 m.y. ago in late Miocene time. These rates, however, are considerably less than Holocene movement rates measured along the fault further to the east, which suggests that the Holocene displacement rate is greater than the pre-Holocene rate or that right-lateral movement along the fault may diminish to the west.

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