Note: This paper is dedicated to Aaron and Elizabeth Waters on the occasion of Dr. Waters' retirement.

Textural and mineralogical features of potash-rich basaltic rocks of the absarokite-shoshonite-banakite series strongly suggest that most of the large crystals and aggregates in these rocks are xenocrysts and microxenoliths, not true phenocrysts as was previously thought. A hybrid origin, involving assimilation of gabbro by high-temperature syenitic magma, is proposed.

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