This report discusses the results of aeromagnetic survey bounded by latitudes 45°30′ N. and 47°00′ N. and extending from the Rocky Mountains, to approximately 120 mi offshore in the Pacific Ocean. East of the Rocky Mountains, a larger area has been surveyed in the Great Plains bounded approximately by latitudes 44°50′ N. and 48°10′ N. and by longitudes 104°W. and 110°W.
Throughout the area of the survey, the magnetic map is marked by conspicuous northeast and northwest anomaly trends, lineaments, and breaks in the anomaly pattern. Their regional distribution, over-all magnetic character, and geologic evidence suggest that they are major structural features in the basement rocks. The close correspondence of structural and geologic features in younger rocks with these basement magnetic and structural trends suggest that basement trends controlled or at least greatly influenced intrusion, deposition, and structural history of younger rocks. In some cases, evidence suggests that basement structures have been reactivated during later tectonic activity.
Perhaps even more striking than the northeast- and northwest-trending features are large east-west magnetic discontinuities which, in some cases, extend completely across the strip to the edge of the shelf, and which, in some cases, can be correlated with large-scale discontinuities dating back to the Precambrian.