Abstract

Rocks of clearly dated early Llandovery age, as well as rocks that can logically be classed as early Llandovery from their regional relationships, appear to be more widespread than recognized, heretofore, in the northern Appalachians and adjacent regions. Their areal distribution and lithology permit a generalized reconstruction of the paleogeography, which consisted, in general, of three source areas alternating from east to west with three belts of clastic sedimentation. The westernmost clastic belt grades laterally westward into the carbonate rocks of the North American platform. The Central Clastic Belt encloses a belt containing impure carbonates with clastic detritus and clastic interbeds, and, locally, relatively clean carbonate deposits.

Llandovery age rocks of the platform include the Manitoulin Dolomite and the Ellis Bay Formation. In the deposits to the east, coeval rocks occur, in part or in whole, within the limy and clastic deposits of the Carys Mills Formation and the Matapedia Group, as well as in the following clastic rock formations: Grimsby, Shawangunk, Tuscarora, Massanutten, Clinch, Smyrna Mills, Perham, Cabano, Weir, Beechhill Cove, Ross Brook, and White Rock.

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