The rocks of Iwo Jima are augite and augite-hornblende trachyandesites, distinctly more alkalic than the ordinary andesites of Japanese volcanoes or the average world andesite. They are described, and chemical analyses are listed. Fumarolic gases have altered some rocks to a mixture of opal and clay minerals and have cemented tuff with opal, calcite, zeolite, and iron oxides.

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