This study1 is concerned with the topography and geologic history of that part of Norway lying between Trondhjem and Bergen and between the west coast and the Swedish boundary. One is much impressed with the grandeur of the fiords and the beauty of the falls—more, perhaps, than with any other part of the scenery. The fiords have given physiographers much to debate, but there are other features as unique as they, and fully as interesting when interpretation is undertaken.
Approaching Norway from the west, one first sees thousands of low, rounded, rock islands, then peninsulas and channels which grade into true fiords. Above the fiords are many gorges, often terminating at great, beautiful waterfalls or cascades. Above the falls the streams flow in old valleys, parts of the old upland surface. Considerable portions of this upland are still covered by sheets or caps of glacier ice.