In selecting a subject for the address of the retiring Vice-President of Section E, I have taken the most interesting but least known portion of one in which I have been very much interested during the past twenty years and more, namely, the paleogeography of North America. The portion dealt with on this occasion is the known geological development of the greater Antillean region—that is, the seas and lands bounded by the perimeters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean mediterranean.

The deciphering of the geological development of this greater Antillean region began with the versatile and philosophical Alexander von Humboldt. In June, 1799, he and the botanist Bonpland set out for Central and South America to study their physical geography and tropical botany. Humboldt first studied Venezuela and the Orinoco country, and later traveled more than a year in Cuba. After visiting western South America, he . . .

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