An examination of the Broken Hill district in New South Wales has suggested to the writer the advisability of attempting a tentative correlation of observations made by him during recent years within the mountain areas of Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, British Columbia, and the United States. The article presented herewith may be found to be of some assistance to those who have studied the formation of mountains. It forms one of a series of four related papers. One of these is included in the Broken Hill Report itself.2 The others deal with the origin of “Coral reefs”3 and the “Distribution of ore deposits in Australia,” respectively.

Distribution and Arrangement of the present Mountains of the Earth

In the present paper brief reference is made only to a few salient facts concerning the mountains which are related to the Pacific Ocean and to the ancient regions of Tethys.

The mountains . . .

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