The following notes relate to laboratory observations by the writer on the behavior of salt in the evaporation of saline mixtures and to a discussion of their geological significance. The important bearing on geological theory of the phenomena resulting from the separation of salt from water and desiccated saline mud under experimental conditions is evident to the stratigrapher who has to interpret the meaning of salt crystal casts, mud-cracks, salt domes, and other features associated with the occurrence of salt in nature. The memoranda which follow relate to various experiments designed chiefly to permit observation of the features incident to the evaporation of salt water and to a discussion of geological phenomena on which they throw light.
Saline water possesses the peculiar property of being able to circumvent the action of gravity and to ascend the vertical sides of any vessel in which it may be . . .