Abstract

POST-TERTIARY HISTORY OF THE LAKES OF ASIA MINOR AND SYRIA

BY ELLSWOBTH HUNTINGTON

(Abstract)

A study of the lakes of the Anatolian plateau and of Syria was one of the chief objects of the Yale Expedition of 1909. The lakes fall naturally into five groups, namely, normal fresh-water lakes with ordinary outlets, salt lakes of the common type with out outlets, karst lakes with underground outlets in limestone regions, glacial lakes with no definite outlets, but kept fresh by underground seepage, and crater lakes with similar indefinite outlets. In Syria the number of lakes is small; there are no glacial lakes, and the other four types are sharply differentiated. The most interesting problems are, first, the part played by lava flows and deltaic deposits in the formation of lakes Huleh and Galilee, and, second, the problematic former outlet of the Dead Sea and the fluctuations to which this lake has . . .

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