Geography of the Area described.—The village of Rutland, Vermont, is situated near the western base of the main range of the Green mountains, at the junction of Otter creek with a large tributary from the north, called East creek. The village occupies a small portion of a wide valley extending some twenty-five miles southward to the head of Otter creek, and, after crossing a low divide, considerably further on southwardly flowing waters. Toward the north a low divide terminates the drainage basin within four miles; but beyond this the broad valley, in the continuation of Otter creek, extends far northward nearly in the same line. The location of the village with respect to the more prominent features of the topography as well as the structural features is shown in the accompanying diagram, figure 1.
This “ valley of Vermont” is about three miles wide at Rutland. It is . . .