The term “appinites” refers to amphibolerich mafic rocks, as one of the most typical products of partial melting of a metasomatic lithospheric mantle. This paper presents results of integrated geochemical and isotopic analyses for six Early Cretaceous (125–119 Ma) appinitic plutons from the Liaodong Peninsula, northeastern North China Craton (NCC), to not only investigate the properties of the metasomatic lithospheric mantle induced by variable recycled crustal components but also to discuss a hydrous mantle source. The appinites originated from partial melting of sub-continental lithospheric mantle (SCLM), and can be geochemically categorized into three groups distinguished by the input of different recycled crustal components (e.g., terrigenous sediments and delaminated lower continental crust) on the basis of two distinct Hf-O isotopic arrays. Based on the occurrence of voluminous amphiboles (50–60 vol%) and minor clinopyroxene remnants, a petrogenetic model was proposed to interpret the formation of appinites. Asthenospheric upwelling caused by the subduction and roll-back of the Paleo-Pacific plate firstly resulted in partial melting of the SCLM to yield basaltic magmas. Subsequently, numerous hydration reactions between early anhydrous minerals (e.g., olivine and pyroxene) of basaltic magmas and hydrous melts derived from terrigenous sediments and delaminated lower continental crust occurred to produce the studied appinites. Ultimately, the recycled crustal materials can serve as the metasomatic agent not only to transfer the enriched isotopic signatures into the studied appinites but also to represent hydrous components to play the part of hydrous reactions. The high abundance of amphibole in the studied appinites is indicative of a hydrous lithospheric mantle beneath the eastern NCC.

You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.