Laterally continuous terraces along the western flank of Cape Range, Western Australia, record both past sea-level highstands and postdepositional vertical displacement. Four distinct fossil coral reef terraces extend nearly the entire length of the slowly uplifting anticlinal structure (∼100 km), enabling documentation of the timing and degree of deformation-induced elevation contamination of past sea-level estimates from fossil shorelines. Here, we present detailed elevations of the four terraces using differential global positioning system (DGPS) and airborne light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data sets, along with new ages for the three upper terraces. Geochemical dating using strontium isotope stratigraphy techniques revealed, from highest to lowest elevation: a late Miocene reef terrace, a late Pliocene shoreline, and a prominent mid-Pleistocene reef terrace (probably associated with the marine oxygen isotope stage 33–31 interglacial), along with a broad last interglacial (Eemian) reef terrace and lagoon, which terminate at the modern shoreline. Laterally variable elevation data integrated with newly defined ages for the terraces demonstrate a gradual and continuous relative deformation in the region that spans at least the last 6.5 m.y. and constrains the emergence of the Cape Range to sometime prior to the late Miocene. This data set also shows that the most recent interglacial shoreline has undergone <1.3 m of vertical warping, suggesting minimal deformation since deposition. By tracing relative uplift rates over multiple terraces for ∼100 km of coastline, we placed constraints on maximum relative sea level (RSL) for the older terraces. Most notably, we were able to place strict maximum RSL elevations of <+34 m on the Pliocene terrace and <+16.5 m on the mid-Pleistocene terrace, with probable RSL being somewhat lower.

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