The Archean North China craton is divided into the Eastern and Western blocks, which are separated by the central orogenic belt. Three major issues remain unresolved regarding the origin and evolution of the central orogenic belt. These include: (1) the original relationships between the Hengshan, Wutaishan, and Fuping lithotectonic complexes of the Western block, central orogenic belt, and Eastern block, respectively; (2) structural, magmatic, and metamorphic histories of these complexes; and (3) the timing of the orogenic event that resulted in the closure of the ocean between the Western and Eastern continental blocks. These controversial issues likely stem from the...

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