Seamounts and basaltic basement can influence deformation and mass fluxes within subduction zones. We examined seamounts and volcanic units across the western Hikurangi Plateau, near the Hikurangi subduction margin, New Zealand, with seismic reflection images. Volcanism at the Hikurangi Plateau occurred in at least three phases that we attribute to (1) Early Cretaceous large igneous province formation, the top of which is marked by laterally continuous and dipping wedges of reflections that we interpret as lava flows; (2) Late Cretaceous seamounts and volcaniclastics that erupted onto the crust of the Hikurangi Plateau and make up the majority of seamount volume and basement relief; and (3) late-stage, Pliocene volcanics that erupted through and adjacent to Cretaceous seamounts and younger sediments of the north-central Hikurangi Plateau. The Pliocene volcanoes do not appear to be strongly welded to the plateau basement and may be petit spot volcanoes that are related to the displacement and accumulation of hydrous transition zone melts. Large seamounts and volcaniclastic units are evenly distributed across most of the Hikurangi Plateau near the Hikurangi margin but are absent from the Pegasus Basin. Although faults are imaged throughout the basement of the Pegasus Basin, contemporary normal faulting of the Hikurangi Plateau is uncommon, except for a zone of Quaternary normal faults near the Pliocene volcanics. These trends indicate that the Hikurangi megathrust may be more influenced by volcanic structures in the north and central Hikurangi margin, where plateau rifting and voluminous seamount eruptions have more substantially overprinted the original Early Cretaceous basement.

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