Compaction and melt extraction are key processes in the generation of melt-dominated magma bodies. We analyze magmatic fabrics in the Aztec Wash pluton (15.7 Ma; Nevada, USA) to understand magma dynamics during emplacement of a large (2 m diameter) felsic enclave (LFE) in a silicic magma body. We hypothesize that the LFE moved through crystal-poor magma, settling into crystal-rich magma. We analyze four granite samples collected near the enclave: two 0.25 m below the enclave (E-5 and E-2); one 0.5 m below (E-6); and one 2.5 m to the side (E-3, far field). We use the scanning electron microscope (SEM) to gather data using backscattered electron (BSE) microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) imaging. BSE maps show large (up to 10 mm) euhedral alkali feldspar grains in E-5 and E-2, while E-6 and E-3 have large (up to 6 mm) alkali feldspar with distinct irregular and wavy rims. Dark BSE alkali feldspar rims correlate with Ba depletion in EDS maps. Broken feldspars in E-5 and E-2 have mismatched zones in BSE and orientation differences in EBSD. Grain orientation spread (GOS) maps show that alkali feldspar has the highest degree of intragrain deformation, followed by plagioclase, then quartz. Histograms of the angle between the vertical plane and the pole to the (010) plane demonstrate clustering in E-5, suggesting an enhanced fabric. Differences in rim texture suggest melt extraction beneath the enclave and melt retained in the far field. EBSD data reveal an enhanced foliation beneath the LFE. We conclude that mush under the LFE was deformed during emplacement of the LFE, expelling melt and reorienting grains.

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