The boundary between the Caribbean and North American plates in the Hispaniola region is the northwestern termination of the North American plate subduction evolving from westward subduction in the Lesser Antilles to southward subduction in the Greater Antilles and oblique collision against the Bahamas platform in Cuba. We analyze P waveforms recorded by 27 broadband seismic temporary stations deployed during the Trans-Haiti project. Seismicity recorded by the temporary network from June 2013 to June 2014 is used to locate the earthquakes. A total of 514 events were identified with magnitudes ranging from 1 to 4.5. Twenty-six moment tensors were calculated by full waveform inversion using the ISOLA software. The analysis of the new moment tensors for the Haiti upper lithosphere indicates that normal, thrust and strike-slip faulting are present but with a majority of thrust faulting. The mean P and T axes for the moment tensors indicated that the current compressional deformation is mainly N-S to NNE-SSW. Moreover, a dozen intermediate-depth earthquakes (>70 km) are located under Haiti, with one event in the south of the island reaching 260 km depth. The seismic data of the Haiti network, over a one-year time period, tend to confirm the existence of a lithospheric slab inherited from southward subduction under the Greater Antilles. The scarcity of the intermediate-depth seismic events in this area may be the effect of the lack of a dense seismic network or may indicate that we image the western slab edge.
Is the local seismicity in western Hispaniola (Haiti) capable of imaging northern Caribbean subduction?
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J. Corbeau, O.L. Gonzalez, V. Clouard, F. Rolandone, S. Leroy, D. Keir, G. Stuart, R. Momplaisir, D. Boisson, C. Prépetit; Is the local seismicity in western Hispaniola (Haiti) capable of imaging northern Caribbean subduction?. Geosphere doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/GES02083.1
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