Petrography, fluid-inclusion microthermometry, stable isotope analyses, and radiometric (206Pb/238U) dating of Upper Triassic dolostones, saddle dolomite, and quartz and calcite cements were used to constrain the timing and conditions of dolomitization and cementation in the context of the tectonic evolution of a basin in the northern United Arab Emirates. Dolomitization (ca. 152.4 Ma) and precipitation of saddle dolomite (ca. 146.8 Ma), calcite (ca. 144.6 Ma), and quartz cements are attributed to focused synrifting flow of hot basinal brines into grain-supported limestones in which permeability was enhanced by incursion of meteoric waters beneath a disconformity surface. Another calcite cement generation (ca. 99.7 Ma) was formed by flow of hot brines during tectonic compression related to the obduction of Oman ophiolites in the Late Cretaceous. Thus, this paper provides new insights into (1) stratigraphic controls on and timing of hydrothermal (hot basinal brines) dolomitization, (2) the origin of closely associated intraformational limestones and dolostones, and (3) linkages between diagenesis and thermochemical modifications of basinal brines during tectonic evolution of sedimentary basins.

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