Earthquake doublets have been described in fault systems around the world but have not yet been confidently resolved in paleoseismic records. Our current knowledge is limited to historical occurrences, preventing researchers from uncovering potential patterns or recognizing common fault behavior. Identification of prehistoric doublets is thus of crucial importance for adequate seismic hazard assessment and risk mitigation. We developed a new methodology to reveal the sedimentary imprint of earthquake doublets in lacustrine paleoseismic records based on flow direction analysis in multipulsed turbidites, because the delayed arrival of turbidity currents originating from the same source location demonstrates the occurrence of individual triggering mechanisms. As grains tend to align in the presence of a flow, we analyzed flow directions by determining the dominant orientation of elongated grains using a combination of grain size, paleomagnetism, and high-resolution X-ray computed tomography. This methodology was applied to a turbidite deposited by the 2007 CE earthquakes in West Sumatra (Mw 6.4 and 6.3, 2 h apart), and it provides the first unmistakable sedimentary evidence for an earthquake doublet. We argue that this methodology has great potential to be applied to multipulsed turbidites in various subaquatic paleoseismic records and can reveal the occurrence of unknown earthquake sequences.

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