Abstract

Comparison of length, volume, and effusion rate for 87 historic Hawaiian basaltic lava flows shows little support for a direct relationship between flow length and effusion rate. A statistically more significant relationship exists between flow length and total volume of material extruded. Cross-sectional area, effusion rate, and volume all play important roles in governing the emplacement of lava flows in Hawaii; no single factor appears most important. One reason for the observed relationships in Hawaii may be that tube-fed flows, with approximately constant cross-sectional area, advance farther than other types of flows for similar effusion rates and volumes.

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