Abstract

Critical data for the interpretation of Laramide structure, a major tectonic problem bearing on the formation of the Rocky Mountains, have been obtained by the Consortium for Continental Reflection Profiling (COCORP) in the form of deep crustal seismic-reflection profiles. The Wind River Mountains in Wyoming have been uplifted by the Wind River thrust, which can be traced on COCORP seismic-reflection profiles to at least 24-km depth with an average dip of 30° to 35°. This Laramide uplift is thus the result of extensive horizontal compression with a minimum horizontal displacement of 21 km and a minimum vertical displacement of 13 km. The crust appears to have deformed essentially as a rigid plate. Gravity anomalies across the uplift can be modeled by a thrust, with the same geometry as indicated by the seismic-reflection profiles.

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