The contribution of CO2 from crustal carbonates into arc magmas is debated, as is its role in the long-term C cycle. To better understand the contributions and mechanisms that drive CO2 production in arc magmas, we examined in detail basaltic dike and sill contacts with carbonate in the Jurassic Bonanza arc on Vancouver Island, Canada. We discovered discrete boundary melts that formed along dike and sill margins in contact with limestone, which display unique Ca, U, and Sr enrichments, Si depletion, and 87Sr/86Sr that approaches host limestone values (~0.708). Binary mixing modeling indicates ~20%–25% limestone assimilation into basalt formed the boundary melts. Contrasting viscosities between boundary and interior melts hinder mixing and chemical homogenization but appear to promote uphill diffusion and metal enrichment within systems that cool in minutes to days. While shallow dikes and sills may be volumetrically minor in an arc magma system, the open flow of magma and large surface area in channels greatly enhances magma-carbonate interactions, and ultimately CO2 production, likely over that of more common and voluminous plutons.

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