Seawater lithium stable isotope ratios, represented by δ 7 Li sw (‰), hold key information about the evolution of global climate and the carbon cycle over geologic time. Reconstructions based on foraminifera suggest an ∼9‰ increase in δ 7 Li sw over the past 60 m.y., interpreted as reflecting changes in the silicate weathering regime that may have contributed to global cooling over this time. However, culture experiments suggest that vital effects in foraminifers might cause varied δ 7 Li fractionation that could have affected past records. Thus, other archives are needed to determine whether the observed rise in foraminifer δ 7 Li values over the Cenozoic indeed reflects secular changes in δ 7 Li sw . Such archives would also open possibilities for robust determination of δ 7 Li sw deeper in geologic time. We analyzed δ 7 Li compositions in modern brachiopods ( n = 34) and found a relatively narrow range of +24.2 ‰ to +28.8‰ (mean = +26.8‰; 1σ = 0.5‰), similar to the range reported for inorganic calcite precipitated from seawater. These results confirm that brachiopods are good candidates for providing a representative record of δ 7 Li sw . We present data from fossil specimens dating from 65 Ma to ca. 700 ka, finding that fossilized brachiopods record a similar magnitude of change in δ 7 Li sw as foraminifers. These results are the first to corroborate the ∼9‰ increase in Cenozoic δ 7 Li sw and open possibilities for generating robust records of δ 7 Li sw in deep time, prior to foraminifer evolution.

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