Two newly discovered kimberlite pipes in the Nakyn field, Siberia yield Rb-Sr isochron ages of ca. 364 Ma, similar to emplacement ages of other major diamond-bearing pipes on the Siberian platform. Unlike any other Siberian kimberlites, however, the rocks from the Nakyn field show some similarities to South African group II (micaceous) kimberlites in their mineralogy and chemical compositions. Several key geochemical ratios (TiO2/K2O, 0.43; Nb/Zr, 0.4) in the Nakyn kimberlites are the same as for group II, whereas others such as Ba/Nb (0.95) and Ni/MgO (45.2) are intermediate between groups I and II, and La/Nb (0.58) ratios are similar to group I kimberlites.
The Nakyn kimberlites are unique in having concentrations of incompatible elements two to three times lower than kimberlites from any cratonic area worldwide, coupled with higher Sm/Nd (0.21) and Lu/Hf (0.06) and lower La/Yb (25.8). Ranges of initial Sr and Nd isotope composition are very narrow in the Nakyn kimberlites, at ϵNd(t) +0.9 to −0.7 and 87Sr/86Sr(t) 0.7059–0.7068. These compositions are closer to group I than to group II kimberlites, but they require a source with higher Rb/Sr and lower Sm/Nd ratios than Group I kimberlites from both Siberia and South Africa. The trace element and isotope signatures of the Nakyn kimberlites appear to indicate a specific source located within the lithospheric mantle, distinct from that of other Siberian kimberlites.