A geologic cross section, restored to its original horizontal orientation in Permian-Triassic time, has been constructed for the middle and lower continental crustal rocks of the Ivrea-Verbano zone and the adjacent Serie dei Laghi of northwestern Italy. Seismic P-wave velocities of a representative suite of rock samples were measured to high-pressure and high-temperature conditions. A synthetic seismic reflection profile, ∼76 km long and 30 km thick, was computed to compare what can be deduced from the seismic profile with what is known in much more detail from geologic mapping. Imaged features correspond closely to those seen on many present-day profiles, and the broad features of the tectonic evolution would be correctly interpreted, but important recumbent fold structures would be missed, and relationships between intrusive bodies and their country rocks would be unclear.

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