Glacial-interglacial differences in δ18O values of Globigerinoides sacculifer have been mapped in the western and central tropical Atlantic using data from surface and core sediments. Glacial-interglacial differences in the western tropical Atlantic, if attributed to temperature changes only, are at odds with temperature reconstructions performed by CLIMAP. In the Ceara Rise region delta δ18O values exceeding 2‰ are recorded. They can only be partly attributed to changes in the precipitation-evaporation regime, i.e., higher salinities and 18O-enriched precipitation. An additional cooling of 1–2 °C as compared to CLIMAP's results is required to balance the δ18O record. Thus, temperature changes from glacial to modern times amount to 2– 3 °C in the tropical Atlantic off the northern coast of Brazil.