A 200 k.y. chronology of river response to climate-related environmental change has been established for northeast Spain using newly developed luminescence dating techniques. This constitutes the best-documented record of late Quaternary river behavior currently available for the North Atlantic region and enables fluvial stratigraphies to be compared with high-resolution ice core and marine oxygen isotope climate series. Pleistocene and Holocene river aggradational episodes coincide with stadial or neoglacial events, while phases of river incision occur during interstadial or interglacial periods. Alluviation and erosion cycles would appear to track variations in sediment supply controlled by vegetation cover and winter storm frequency.