The Lycian thrust belt is an important part of the Tethyan orogenic belt in the eastern Mediterranean region. It includes a unit of internally disrupted, thin-skinned thrust sheets (layered tectonic melange) and a melange rich in ophiolitic material (ophiolitic melange). The layered tectonic melange is dominated by Mesozoic distal deep-water sedimentary rocks, and the ophiolitic melange includes disrupted thrust sheets of early Mesozoic shallow-water limestone and blocks of basalt of both mid-ocean ridge and within-plate geochemical affinities. A complete record of closure of a Tethyan oceanic basin began with Late Cretaceous intraoceanic subduction, followed by latest Cretaceous trench-continental collision, and ended with mid-Tertiary continental collision, and orogenic collapse.

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