Abstract

We have used a new coupled two-dimensional diagenetic and sedimentological model to investigate the evolution of a simple aggrading carbonate platform subject to glacio-eustatic sea-level fluctuations. The model employs variable hydrological zones, internally defined from platform exposure and climate, to provide a framework within which diagenetic processes are simulated at specified rates. Simulations show a clear stacked sequence of diagenetic zones, which are readily recognizable because of their lateral continuity and distinct trends in diagenetic evolution from platform interior to margin. However, spatial associations between unconformity surfaces and underlying diagenetic zones that suggest causality are misleading. The interaction between high amplitude sea-level fluctuations and subsidence results in substantial overprinting and a complex diagenetic history that could not be unraveled by traditional stratigraphic and sedimentological methods.

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