The large porcelaneous foraminifers Cyclorbiculina compressa, Parasorites orbitolitoides, and Peneroplis proteus are conspicuous in death assemblages from Holocene marine sediments of the Alabama and Florida panhandle shelf. The species inhabited the northeastern Gulf of Mexico in the Holocene (ca. 6.4–1.9 ka) but do not live in the region today. These foraminifers require warm, clear waters, and thus are important paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental indicators. They apparently were derived from sublittoral seagrass habitats and indicate reduced seasonality in the region during the middle to late Holocene. In addition, a mixed foraminiferal fauna, a hydrodynamically reworked macrofaunal assemblage, and stratigraphic disorder in foraminiferal 14C dates indicate extensive reworking of the entire Holocene marine transgressive package. Evidence that mollusks are indigenous but large foraminifers are transported supports the generalization that out-of-habitat transport of macrofauna is negligible in most marine settings.