Andrew T. Fisher, , Gretchen Zwart, ; Relation between permeability and effective stress along a plate-boundary fault, Barbados accretionary complex. Geology ; 24 (4): 307–310. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1996)024<0307:RBPAES>2.3.CO;2
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In situ bulk permeability was measured in a borehole that intersected the decollement zone (a low-angle detachment fault) between the North American and Caribbean plates. Permeability measurements were made at a variety of fluid-pressure conditions, defining a quantitative relation between bulk permeability and effective stress for this plate-boundary fault zone. The bulk permeability in this zone changed by several orders of magnitude as a consistent function of fluid pressure. This relation may help to explain the dynamics of fluid-fault interactions and the transient nature of hydrologic processes during deformation at convergent margins.